Whether you are a land carrier or a marine carrier, the constant concern is the optimal use of vehicles and their maximum load. The more we carry goods by vehicle, the more you reduce the cost per kilometer.
We may want to monitor:
- Turnaround time: This is the average time between the time of arrival of a vehicle at the loading site and the time of its departure.
- % of truckload capacity utilized: This is the loaded weight compared to the theoretical maximum capacity. An under usability of 15% is an opportunity to be more efficient.
- True Vehicle Utilization: This is the true utilisation time of vehicles compared to the total planned utilisation time.
- Transit time: Number of Days or Hours from the time of departure to the time of arrival of the shipment.
- Empty miles: Percentage of distance (or travel) without a load (no load).
- Average number of stops per trip: Number of stops per trip.
- Tonnage Moved: Weight of goods moved by tons.
But where do maps get in the picture will you say? In general, when transporting goods we usually moves it from an origin to a destination. This concept involves moving goods from a place of origin to a destination that can be analyzed at the micro level (specific addresses of warehouses, customers’ locations, etc.) but also at the macro level (regions, states, paths, etc.). This bigger picture can be used to illustrate the less optimal path (where transit time is longer), the origins where empty loads are more frequent; the destinations where the trucks load are suboptimal.
These trends can easily be illustrated on a choropleth map from the origin or on a flow map. To know how, see our GeoBlogPost: Maps and Matrices for the Representation of Origin-Destination Concept.